Improving pupil progress

Improving Pupil Progress Using Assessment

With the evolution of digital learning and the ever-changing demands of the education system, discover the current benefits and challenges of assessing and monitoring pupil progress.

Evidence suggests that great teaching and learning are underpinned by clear teacher assessment processes, which impact and improve pupil progress.

However, to guide further learning, assessment can be challenging to implement successfully, particularly where formative assessment becomes a box-ticking exercise rather than being understood as a set of tools to be utilised by both teacher and pupil.

In this ‘Think Piece’, we aim to confirm, support and reflect on what we believe and know has an impact on learning in the classroom with our specialist teacher assessment insights.

The Purpose of Assessing and Monitoring Pupil Progress

In the primary sector, we continue to be required to implement summative statutory assessment processes at the end of a key stage, which provides the range of stakeholders with attainment information against national standards.

Many schools also choose to use commercial tests to measure and validate the progress of pupils year-on-year. Whilst standardised tests might be important in terms of accountability measures, their usefulness regarding learning and progress may be limited.

Testing (or more specifically over-testing) beyond the practice testing effect does not increase what a pupil knows or can do. However, analysing and acting upon test data can provide a useful diagnostic starting point, but perhaps more importantly, reducing the amount of testing can free up more teaching and learning time.

At the other end of the assessment continuum, formative assessment can impact in-the-moment to explore and improve understanding and effectively engage pupils’ cognitive and metacognitive domains.

The importance here is providing a challenge in a supportive classroom environment where the learning intention is clear and where expected outcomes are explicitly shared through modelling or demonstration as part of the learning journey.

The effort and process are recognised as much as correctness, with independent opportunities to apply and consolidate learning included. This would involve learning such as low-stakes quizzes or short tasks.

Teacher Assessment for Learning (AfL) Cycle

I make no apologies for referencing Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam’s work on the five key strategies of the learning AfL cycle, which I believe underpins and reflects Ofsted’s 3 I’s:

  • Intent – Knowing where the learning is going.
  • Implementation – Knowing where the learner is now and making decisions about how the learning will progress.
  • Impact – Knowing when you’ve got there.

The ability to verbalise and the need to respond appropriately and promptly to this process cannot be underestimated. Essentially, assessing what matters rather than everything that has been taught explores learning alongside performance.

A Teacher’s Role in Using Assessments to Improve Pupil Progress

Great teachers understand the teaching content, have a clear focus on key learning as part of a progressive curriculum and know how learning takes place within and across subjects.

The premise of England’s national ‘mastery’ curriculum means that learning should be strong, deep and ultimately applicable to unfamiliar situations and contexts.

Therefore, the required assessment to inform curriculum design relies on teachers (and pupils) to know what they are trying to achieve and how this will be best measured.

Two Key Assessment Questions

When we consider assessment processes that will impact learning and progress, we should always ask ourselves:

  • What is it we are trying to find out?
  • What will we need to do next or differently as a result of having this information?

Taking the Next Steps in Improving Pupil Progress

Moving away from using performance data as a basis for school judgements and leaning towards the overall quality of education will provide a more equitable approach to recognising schools in challenging circumstances that are raising standards through strong curricula and quality-first, inclusive teaching.

At Services For Education, we help equip teachers and senior leaders with the necessary resources and support to ensure that within their settings there is a robust understanding of statutory expectations and related assessment processes, including teacher assessment over time, based on ongoing classroom evidence.

We have a range of courses aimed at senior leaders, early career teachers, and teachers new to the end of key-stage statutory assessment processes.

If you wish to receive more information about our training and/or consultancy offer, please get in touch.

About the Author

Denise HarrisDenise Harris - Adviser, Services For Education

Denise has enjoyed many years working as a qualified teacher in Birmingham. She has taught across the age range in schools, in an Education Action Zone, and in a Youth Offending Unit.  As a local authority primary numeracy consultant, she has supported many schools to effectively develop their maths provision, and this continues through her management of the very successful 'Every Child Counts' mathematics interventions, developed and supported by Edge Hill University, and which are proven to have a significant impact, not only on underachieving and SEND pupils, but also on teacher and teaching assistant subject and pedagogical knowledge, classroom and whole school practice.

Nowadays, Denise successfully delivers the primary statutory assessment contract for moderation and monitoring on behalf of Birmingham LA. She has been instrumental in effectively managing the changes over time to the statutory assessment processes but does not lose sight of the need for schools and teachers to make use of ongoing formative assessment strategies as part of the teaching and learning process to monitor pupil progress. In her statutory role, Denise works closely with other moderation managers both locally and nationally to ensure a consistent understanding of national guidance and related requirements. She recruits, trains, and accredits both KS1 and KS2 pool moderators and utilises her knowledge and understanding of these processes to ensure, through her training offer, that schools are equipped to fulfil their statutory duty confidently.

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